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PSA Blood Test

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Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a protein produced by the prostate and is released into the blood in small amounts. When there is a problem with the prostate, such as prostate cancer, PSA levels in the blood can rise. This Homed-IQ PSA Test can detect high levels of PSA in the blood that may be indicative of prostate cancer or inflammation. PSA testing can help identify prostate cancer in an earlier stage, when treatment is more effective and has fewer side effects.

Test mode: Finger prick test

What do we test for?

Prostate-specific antigen (PSA)
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  • Results within 24 hours after arrival at the lab
  • Ordered before 18:00, shipped today
  • Free shipping on every order
  • Easy to use from home
  • Professional analysis in a medically certified laboratory
  • Most affordable home test provider
About the Test
Risks and benefits of PSA testing
Symptoms
Results

About the Test

What is a PSA test?

Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a protein produced by both cancerous and non-cancerous tissues in the prostate, a small gland located underneath the bladder in men. It’s normal to have a small amount of PSA in your blood, and for this level to increase with age. An elevated PSA level does not always mean cancer, and PSA level varies between individuals. Homed-IQ’s PSA test measures the level of PSA in your blood using a blood sample that is collected from home.

How does a PSA test work?

The PSA test is a blood test that can be performed at home. A small blood sample is collected via a finger-prick and then sent to our laboratory for analysis. Homed-IQ’s health tests come with everything you need to successfully take a blood sample at home. Simply activate your test and follow the provided instructions to successfully collect the sample and then send it to our certified laboratory using the prepaid shipping label. The results will be available within a few days.

Who should use this test?

Men between the ages of 50 and 74 with an average risk of prostate cancer may consider doing a PSA test. If prostate cancer runs in your family or you are considered to be at high risk, you may consider testing before age 50.  Before performing this test it is important to understand the risks and benefits. Please read “Risks and Benefits of Testing” before making the decision to perform this test. If you are unsure whether PSA testing would be appropriate for you, please contact your GP.

Risks and benefits of PSA testing

The PSA test is a screening test for prostate cancer. Screening tests aim to find cancer in people before they have symptoms. Screening can help find cancers at an earlier stage, when they are possibly easier to treat. If prostate cancer is found early as a result of screening, it could seem like PSA testing would always be a good idea. However, it is important to understand the risks and benefits of testing to decide if it is right for you. The choice to do a PSA test is an individual decision that should be made after understanding the risks and benefits of testing.

Benefits of PSA testing:

  • Can detect prostate cancer before you have any symptoms
  • Can detect a fast growing cancer at an early stage, before it spreads to other parts of the body and becomes difficult to treat

Doctors are still studying whether PSA testing lowers the risk of death from prostate cancer. Current study results on the benefits of screening are conflicting, which is why the choice to do a PSA test should be a personal one.

Results from a large European study of prostate cancer screening found that men who had prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing had a 20 percent lower chance of dying from prostate cancer after 13 years, compared with men who did not have prostate cancer screening (Hugosson et al., 2019). However, the study also showed that 781 men would need to prevent one death from prostate cancer (Schröder et al., 2014). This means that testing the general population involves many men getting tested, and a very small number benefitting.

The PSA test is a screening test for prostate cancer. Screening tests aim to find cancer in people before they have symptoms. Screening can help find cancers at an earlier stage, when they are possibly easier to treat. If prostate cancer is found early as a result of screening, it could seem like PSA testing would always be a good idea. However, it is important to understand the risks and benefits of testing to decide if it is right for you. The choice to do a PSA test is an individual decision that should be made after understanding the risks and benefits of testing.

Benefits of PSA testing:

  • Can detect prostate cancer before you have any symptoms
  • Can detect a fast growing cancer at an early stage, before it spreads to other parts of the body and becomes difficult to treat

Doctors are still studying whether PSA testing lowers the risk of death from prostate cancer. Current study results on the benefits of screening are conflicting, which is why the choice to do a PSA test should be a personal one.

Results from a large European study of prostate cancer screening found that men who had prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing had a 20 percent lower chance of dying from prostate cancer after 13 years, compared with men who did not have prostate cancer screening (Hugosson et al., 2019). However, the study also showed that 781 men would need to prevent one death from prostate cancer (Schröder et al., 2014). This means that testing the general population involves many men getting tested, and a very small number benefitting.

Symptoms

An elevated PSA level does not cause symptoms. However, if you are experiencing the following symptoms, you may consider doing a PSA test:

  • Difficulty urinating
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Slow urine stream
  • Frequent urination

Results

What do the test results mean?

This test measures the PSA level in your blood. The results of this test cannot specifically tell you if you have prostate cancer.

There is no specific normal or abnormal PSA level in the blood.

  • Generally, a PSA level of less than 4.0 ng/mL is considered normal.
  • A PSA level between 4.0 and 10.0 ng/mL is considered to be the “borderline range” in which the risk of prostate cancer is higher.
  • A PSA level higher than 10.0 ng/mL indicates a greater than 50% chance of prostate cancer.

Please note: some individuals with a PSA level of less than 4.0 ng/mL have prostate cancer, and some with PSA levels between 4 and 10 ng/mL do not have prostate cancer. Not all cases of prostate cancer cause increased PSA. If you are experiencing symptoms consistent with prostate cancer, always contact your GP for further examination regardless of PSA level.

Factors such as age, prostate enlargement/inflammation, cycling, and recent ejaculation can also increase PSA levels. Furthermore, certain drugs can lower PSA levels. Recent research has suggested the following lower PSA limits for each age group:

40 – 49 years :  2.50 µg/l

50 – 59 years :  3.50 µg/l

60 – 69 years :  4.50 µg/l

70 – 79 years :  6.50 µg/l

In combination with your PSA test result, ask your GP about the possibility of a prostate exam to confirm there are no abnormalities.

What should I do if my test result shows elevated PSA?

If your blood PSA is higher than normal, it doesn’t always mean you have prostate cancer. Many men with elevated PSA do not have cancer. Please take your test result to your doctor for further investigation. Further testing may include:

  • Waiting a while and taking a second PSA test to see if levels have changed
  • Getting another type of PSA test (such as free PSA) to check if a prostate biopsy is needed
  • Physical prostate exam
  • Prostate biopsy

How does it work?

Order your test
After you have placed the order, your test kit will be delivered within a few days in discreet packaging.
Activate and take your sample
After the online activation of the test kit, you can collect the test sample and return it to the lab for analysis.
Receive your test result
A certified laboratory will analyze your test and share it with our medical team, after which you receive the results in your account.

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Frequently asked questions

Is this PSA Test reliable?

While PSA testing can help catch prostate cancer early, false positives and negatives are always possible. This is because some prostate cancers do not cause elevated PSA, and sometimes an individual’s PSA will be high without having cancer. Please contact your GP for further examination if you have questions about your test result.

This PSA test is the same test you would receive from a GP. All Homed-IQ tests are examined by certified laboratories that also analyze materials from hospitals, universities, and GPs.

How often should you check your PSA level?

Testing guidelines vary depending on risk profile, age, and country. It is best to ask your GP how often they recommend you get screened. Doing a PSA test is always a choice and never mandatory. Example guidelines from the American Cancer Society are as follows:

If no prostate cancer is found as a result of screening, the time between future screenings depends on the results of the PSA blood test:

  • Men who choose to be tested who have a PSA of less than 2.5 ng/mL may only need to be retested every 2 years.
  • Screening should be done yearly for men whose PSA level is 2.5 ng/mL or higher.
Do you need to fast before a PSA test?

No, fasting is not required for a PSA test.

What factors affect PSA level in the blood?

PSA levels can be elevated for different reasons that are not related to prostate cancer. This is why your doctor may request a second PSA test after some time has passed to see if the level has gone down. Factors that can elevate PSA levels include:

  • Older age
  • Prostate enlargement or other conditions
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Vigorous exercise, particularly bike riding
  • Recent ejaculation

Furthermore, certain medications can artificially lower PSA levels. These medications include:

  • NSAIDs
  • Statins
How quickly can PSA levels rise?

PSA can fluctuate with factors such as age, medications, or certain activities. Usually, a sharp increase in PSA indicates a problem with the prostate, such as prostatitis or another condition. Please contact your GP if your PSA level is rapidly changing.

What is a normal PSA value?

There is no single normal PSA level, and PSA depends on many factors.

  • Generally, a PSA level of less than 4.0 ng/mL is considered normal.
  • A PSA level between 4.0 and 10.0 ng/mL is considered to be the “borderline range” in which risk of prostate cancer is higher.
  • A PSA level higher than 10.0 ng/mL indicates a greater than 50% chance of prostate cancer.

Please be advised that a high PSA level does not always mean you have prostate cancer. Furthermore, it is also possible to have a low/normal PSA level and still have prostate cancer. Additional screening can be performed by your GP in the form of a prostate examination if you have concerns about your test result.

Are there any other tests that can indicate prostate cancer?

PSA testing is the primary screening test for prostate cancer. Another way to find prostate cancer is through a physical exam. If the results of a PSA test or physical exam indicate abnormalities, a prostate biopsy may also be performed to diagnose prostate cancer.