Signs of high testosterone in men
HormonesMen's Health

Signs of high testosterone in men

Written by

Lauren Dobischok
5 June, 2023

Medically checked article All HOMED-IQ content is reviewed by medical specialists

What is Testosterone?

Testosterone is a hormone that plays a crucial role in the development and maintenance of male characteristics, including the growth of facial and body hair, deepening of the voice, and the development of muscle mass and strength (Harvard Health, 2019). Testosterone is produced primarily in the testicles and also in smaller amounts by the adrenal glands. This hormone is responsible for a variety of functions in the body, including the development of reproductive tissues, bone density, and the regulation of sex drive (libido). You want to check your testosterone level? With the Homed-IQ Testosterone Test you can measure your testosterone level from home.

Causes of high testosterone in men

High testosterone levels in men can be caused by various medical conditions and lifestyle factors. Common causes of high testosterone are:

  1. Testosterone-producing tumors: Certain tumors on the adrenal gland can result in excessive testosterone production. These tumors can be benign or cancerous.
  2. Hormonal imbalances: Imbalances in other hormones, such as luteinizing hormone (LH) or estrogen, can affect testosterone production and regulation.
  3. Anabolic steroid use: Anabolic steroids are often abused by athletes and bodybuilders, and can significantly increase testosterone levels beyond the normal range. Anabolic steroid use can disrupt the body’s natural hormone balance and have adverse effects on overall health.
  4. Genetic conditions: Certain genetic conditions, such as congenital adrenal hyperplasia or androgen insensitivity syndrome, can lead to high testosterone levels in men. These conditions affect hormone production or receptor function, resulting in hormonal imbalances.
  5. Medication use: Certain medications, including those used in testosterone replacement therapy, can cause high testosterone. Individuals using these medications should have regular check-ins with their healthcare provider to ensure testosterone levels are not too high.

Source: Leonard, 2023

Signs of high testosterone in men

While sufficient testosterone is essential for men’s health and development, having excessively high levels can lead to unpleasant symptoms and health issues. It’s important to note that experiencing one or more of these symptoms doesn’t necessarily mean you have high testosterone, as they can also be caused by other health conditions. Signs of high testosterone in men can include:

  1. Increased muscle mass: High testosterone levels can contribute to an increase in muscle mass and strength (Harvard Health, 2019). This is why some people choose to take anabolic steroids against medical advice because they are medications that imitate testosterone in the body. Men with high testosterone may notice a more defined or muscular appearance even without significant exercise.
  2. Acne and oily skin: Excessive testosterone can stimulate the sebaceous glands, leading to an overproduction of oil on the skin. This may result in acne breakouts and oily skin (UPMC).
  3. Low sperm count: High testosterone levels can sometimes lead to a decrease in sperm production and shrinking of the testicles resulting in a low sperm count (Harvard Health, 2019). This can impact fertility and the ability to conceive a child.
  4. Mood swings: Fluctuations in testosterone levels can affect mood stability. Men with high testosterone may experience mood swings, anxiety, or feelings of restlessness (Zitzmann, 2020).
  5. High blood pressure: Elevated testosterone levels have been associated with an increased risk of high blood pressure (hypertension). Athletes who abuse testosterone and other anabolic steroids have a higher risk of hypertension, heart attack, and stroke (Harvard Health, 2010).

Treatment of high testosterone in men

If you suspect you have high testosterone levels, use anabolic steroids, or have a medical condition that can cause hormonal imbalances, it is important to see a healthcare professional for a proper diagnosis and appropriate treatment. Treating the underlying cause, such as surgical removal of tumors, medication, or stopping steroid use, can treat high testosterone and alleviate symptoms. 

How to test testosterone levels

Diagnosing high testosterone begins with a blood test. This test can be performed at the doctor or using a home test. Homed-IQ’s Testosterone Test is a laboratory test that uses a blood sample collected from home. Home testosterone testing may be useful for people who suspect they may have an abnormal testosterone level and would like to check before visiting the doctor, or who would like to monitor their testosterone levels over time. Interested in testing other important vitamins and minerals along with testosterone? Try Homed-IQ’s Athlete Test or explore other blood tests in our assortment. 


Harvard Health. (2010, March 1). Testosterone and the heart.

Harvard Health & Harvard Health. (2019, August 29). Testosterone — What It Does And Doesn’t Do. Harvard Health.–what-it-does-and-doesnt-do#:~:text=Testosterone%20is%20the%20major%20sex,play%20a%20role%20in%20balding

Leonard, J. (2023, February 9). What are the signs of high testosterone in males?

University of Pittsburgh Medical Center. (2018, August 29). The Link Between Acne & Testosterone. UPMC HealthBeat.,more%20likely%20to%20clog%20pores.

Zitzmann, M. (2020). Testosterone, mood, behaviour and quality of life. International Journal of Andrology, 8(6), 1598–1605.

About the author

Lauren Dobischok

Lauren is a health scientist and science communicator currently living in the Netherlands. Originally from Canada, she completed a Research Master’s in Health Sciences at the Netherlands Institute of Health Sciences at Erasmus University Rotterdam (NIHES) with a specialisation in epidemiology. Prior to her master’s degree, she completed a Bachelor’s degree in Health Sciences at Simon Fraser University. With a background in public health, her goal is to create accurate scientific content that is easy to understand and empowers people to make informed decisions. Within Homed-IQ, Lauren works as a Product Developer and Content Lead, working closely with physicians and scientists on medical devices for Homed-IQ’s new products and written communications.